From a very young age Rachel Carson liked to write. At age 10, she became a published writer, her mother sold off the family possessions so Rachel could go to college. After college, she landed a research position in Woodhole Massachusetts. It was there where she fell in love with biology. Tragedy in her personal life forced her to get a job in the US Bureau of Fisheries, she sells some articles based on her work to local newspapers, omitting her first name at times to avoid sexism. Then Simon and Shuster offered her an opportunity to write a book. The book was Under The Sea Wind. However, World War II interfered with the sale of the book. At the same time, science was growing by leaps and bounds, a chemical called DDT was used in large quantities to end the scourge of malaria. Rachel Carson was skeptical of the effects of DDT on wildlife, but no one was interested in her point of view.
Five years after the end of WWII, Carson got the itch to write another book, she did this by synthesizing research papers into from the Fish and Wildlife Department into a book called The Sea Around Us . The New Yorker Magazine serialized the book. Three weeks after it went on sale, it landed on the New York Times bestseller list, by September 1951 it as number 1 on the bestseller list, it spent 32 weeks at number one. At the same time, science is exploding, literally. In 1954, America did a hydrogen bomb test, and DDT type pesticides were proliferating. After a extensive period of writer’s block, In 1955, Carson finished, her third book, The Edge of The Sea , another book about marine biology.
In 1957, the pesticide companies had found a new pest to eradicate, the fire ant. Planes sprayed insecticides through wide swatches of the Southern portions of America. Not only ants died, fish and birds also perished. The widespread use of pesticides and the death of wildlife is a call to action for Rachel Carson. In 1958, Carson was already deeply into researching her future book against pesticides. In 1960, her mother died shortly after having a stroke. Also in 1960, Carson discovered lumps in her body, her doctor told her not to worry, by the time Carson checked her body again, she did indeed have cancer and it had metastasized all over her body. Now it was a race against the clock, would she finish her new book before she succumbed to cancer?
This is an incredible documentary about an incredible woman. First of all, I know nothing about Rachel Carson, so it was an educational experience for me. Just the story of her life, the fact that she was a woman in the 1950’s, writing about the ocean in a knowledgeable way was really intriguing. The 40’s and 50’s in America are known as an era of conformity, and Carson was anything but a conformist. The issue of pesticides was always a subject of interest for Carson, but only came to the forefront after the government tried to eradicate the fire ant. After that point, she became a woman on a mission.
The documentary also delved deeply into Carson’s personal life, her relationship with her mother, her difficulties with other members of her family, her relationship with a neighbor, and most importantly, her struggles with cancer. The story then becomes a race against time and that adds urgency to the story.
This documentary provides an interesting contrast between the total faith that government, and corporate America had in science in the 1940’s 50’s, and 60’s and the total lack of faith in science in today’s American government. Rachel Carson was a voice of healthy skepticism, but now our government seems filled to the brim with science deniers.
Rachel Carson, a pest to the insecticide industry.